The next generation of galaxy surveys will provide more precise measurements of galaxy clustering than have previously been possible. The 21 cm radio signals that are emitted from neutral atomic hydrogen (H I) gas will be detected by large-area radio surveys such as the Widefield Australian Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Pathfinder L-band Legacy All-sky Blind Survey and SKA, and deliver galaxy positions and velocities that can be used to measure galaxy clustering statistics. However, to harness this information to improve our cosmological understanding and learn about the physics of dark matter and dark energy, we need to accurately model the manner in which galaxies detected in H I trace the underlying matter distribution of the universe. For this purpose, we develop a new H I-based halo occupation distribution (HOD) model, which makes predictions for the number of galaxies present in dark matter halos conditional on their H I mass. The parameterized HOD model is fit and validated using the DARK SAGE semi-analytic model, where we show that the HOD parameters can be modeled by simple linear and quadratic functions of the H I mass. However, we also find that the clustering predicted by the HOD depends sensitively on the radial distributions of the H I galaxies within their host dark matter halos, which does not follow the Navarro-Frenk-White profile in the DARK SAGE simulation. As such, this work enables-for the first time-a simple prescription for placing galaxies of different H I masses within dark matter halos in a way that is able to reproduce the H I mass-dependent galaxy clustering and H I mass function simultaneously and without requiring knowledge of the optical properties of the galaxies. Further efforts are required to demonstrate that this model can be used to produce large ensembles of mock galaxy catalogs for upcoming surveys.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- October 2022
- Large-scale structure of the universe;
- Galaxy dark matter halos;
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
- 18 pages, 13 figures, 1 table. Published in ApJ