High-resolution images of two wiggling stellar jets, MHO 1502 and MHO 2147, obtained with GSAOI+GeMS
Aims: We investigated the possible cause-effect relation between the wiggling shape of two stellar jets, MHO 1502 and MHO 2147, and the potential binarity of the respective driving stars.
Methods: We present high-angular-resolution H2 (2.122 μm) and K-band images obtained with the Gemini South Adaptive Optics Imager (GSAOI) and the Gemini Multi-conjugate Adaptive Optics System (GeMS). The profiles of the jets are depicted in detail by the H2 images. We used K-band data to search for potential close companions to the previously suggested exciting sources, and used archive data to investigate these sources and the environments in which the jets are located. We also applied a model to reproduce the wiggling profiles of the jets.
Results: MHO 1502 is composed of a chain of knots delineating the wiggling jet, suggesting that the driving source emitted them in an intermittent manner. Our K-band image of the previously proposed exciting star, IRAC 18064, shows two sources separated by ~240 AU, hinting at its binarity. However, as IRAC 18064 is located off the jet axis at ~2064 AU, it is questionable as to whether this source is the true exciting star. Moreover, the orbital model centred on IRAC 18064 suggests a binary companion at a much greater distance (~2200 AU) than the nearby star (at ~240 AU). On the other hand, the orbital model centred on the axis provides the best fits. Nevertheless, the precession model centred on the axis cannot be discarded, despite having larger residuals and χ2. MHO 2147 displays an S-shaped gentle continuous emission in H2. We identify two other jets in the field of MHO 2147: a previously reported quasi-perpendicular jet, MHO 2148, and a third jet adjacent to MHO 2147. The model that best fits the morphology of the MHO 2147 jet and that of its adjacent jet is precession. The exciting source of MHO 2147 may be a triple system.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- January 2022
- stars: jets;
- stars: protostars;
- infrared: ISM;
- ISM: jets and outflows;
- ISM: individual objects: MHO 1502;
- ISM: individual objects: MHO 2147;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 25 pages, 17 figures and 6 tables. Accepted for publication in A&