Power distribution of oscillations in the atmosphere of a plage region. Joint observations with ALMA, IRIS, and SDO
Context. Joint observations of the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) with other solar observatories can provide a wealth of opportunities for understanding the coupling between different layers of the solar atmosphere.
Aims: We present a statistical analysis of the power distribution of oscillations in a plage region in active region NOAA AR12651, which was observed jointly with ALMA, the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), and the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO).
Methods: We employ coordinated ALMA Band 6 (1.25 mm) brightness temperature maps, IRIS slit-jaw images in the 2796 Å passband, and observations in six passbands (1600 Å, 304 Å, 131 Å, 171 Å, 193 Å, and 211 Å) from the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board SDO. We perform Lomb-Scargle transforms to study the distribution of oscillation power by means of dominant period maps and power maps. We study the spatial association of oscillations through the atmosphere, with a focus on the correlation of the power distribution of ALMA oscillations with others.
Results: We do not observe any significant association of ALMA oscillations with IRIS and AIA oscillations. While the global behavior of the dominant ALMA oscillations shows a similarity with that of the transition region and coronal passbands of AIA, the ALMA dominant period maps and power maps do not show any correlation with those from the other passbands. The spatial distribution of dominant periods and power in different period intervals of ALMA oscillations is uncorrelated with those of any other passbands.
Conclusions: We speculate that the non-association of ALMA oscillations with those of IRIS and AIA is due to significant variations in the height of formation of the millimeter continuum observed by ALMA. Additionally, the fact that ALMA directly maps the brightness temperature, in contrast to the intensity observations by IRIS and AIA, can result in the very different intrinsic nature of the ALMA oscillations compared to the IRIS and AIA oscillations.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- May 2022
- Sun: atmosphere;
- Sun: faculae;
- Sun: oscillations;
- Sun: radio radiation;
- Sun: UV radiation;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- Accepted for publication in A&