Aims: Intergalactic magnetic fields in the voids of the large-scale structure can be probed via measurements of secondary γ-ray emission from γ-ray interactions with extragalactic background light. Lower bounds on the magnetic field in the voids were derived from the nondetection of this emission. It is not clear a priori what kind of magnetic field is responsible for the suppression of the secondary γ-ray flux: a cosmological magnetic field that might be filling the voids, or the field spread by galactic winds driven by star formation and active galactic nuclei.
Methods: We used IllustrisTNG cosmological simulations to study the effect of magnetized galactic wind bubbles on the secondary γ-ray flux.
Results: We show that within the IllustrisTNG model of baryonic feedback, galactic wind bubbles typically provide energy-independent secondary flux suppression at a level of about 10%. The observed flux suppression effect has to be due to the cosmological magnetic field in the voids. This might not be the case for the special case when the primary γ-ray source has a hard intrinsic γ-ray spectrum that peaks in the energy range above 50 TeV. In this case, the observational data may be strongly affected by the magnetized bubble that is blown by the source host galaxy.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Pub Date:
- April 2022
- magnetic fields;
- intergalactic medium;
- gamma rays: general;
- ISM: jets and outflows;
- magnetohydrodynamics (MHD);
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
- V2: 8 pages, 7 figures, minor changes in the text. Version accepted for publication in A&