Segal's axioms and bootstrap for Liouville Theory
Abstract
In 1987 Graeme Segal gave a functorial definition of Conformal Field Theory (CFT) that was designed to capture the mathematical essence of the Conformal Bootstrap formalism pioneered in physics by BelavinPolyakovZamolodchikov. In Segal's formulation the basic objects of CFT, the correlation functions of conformal primary fields, are viewed as functions on the moduli space of Riemann surfaces with marked points which behave naturally under gluing of surfaces. In this paper we give a probabilistic realization of Segal's axioms in Liouville Conformal Field Theory (LCFT) which is a CFT that plays a fundamental role in the theory of random surfaces and two dimensional quantum gravity. Then we use Segal's axioms to express the correlation functions of LCFT in terms of the basic objects of LCFT: its {\it spectrum} and its {\it structure constants}, determined in earlier works by the authors. As a consequence, we obtain a formula for the correlation functions as multiple integrals over the spectrum of LCFT, the structure of these integrals being associated to a pant decomposition of the surface. The integrand is the modulus squared of a function called conformal block: its structure is encoded by the commutation relations of an algebra of operators called the Virasoro algebra and it depends holomorphically on the moduli of the surface with marked points. The integration measure involves a product of structure constants, which have an explicit expression, the so called DOZZ formula.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 December 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2112.14859
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv211214859G
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Probability;
 Mathematical Physics;
 Mathematics  Complex Variables;
 Mathematics  Representation Theory;
 60D05;
 81T40 (Primary) 17B69;
 81R10;
 17B68 (Secondary)