Partitioning the real line into Borel sets
Abstract
For which infinite cardinals $\kappa$ is there a partition of the real line $\mathbb R$ into precisely $\kappa$ Borel sets? Hausdorff famously proved that there is a partition of $\mathbb R$ into $\aleph_1$ Borel sets. But other than this, we show that the spectrum of possible sizes of partitions of $\mathbb R$ into Borel sets can be fairly arbitrary. For example, given any $A \subseteq \omega$ with $0,1 \in A$, there is a forcing extension in which $A = \{ n :\, \text{there is a partition of }\mathbb R\text{ into }\aleph_n\text{ Borel sets}\}$. We also look at the corresponding question for partitions of $\mathbb R$ into closed sets. We show that, like with partitions into Borel sets, the set of all uncountable $\kappa$ such that there is a partition of $\mathbb R$ into precisely $\kappa$ closed sets can be fairly arbitrary.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 December 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2112.00535
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv211200535B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Logic