On-chip parallel processing of quantum frequency combs for high-dimensional hyper-entanglement generation
High-dimensional encoding and hyper-entanglement are unique features that distinguish optical photons from other quantum information carriers, leading to improved system efficiency and novel quantum functions. However, the disparate requirements to control different optical degrees of freedom have prevent the development of complete integrated platforms that is capable of leveraging the complementary benefits of high-dimensional encoding and hyper-entanglement at the same time. Here we demonstrate the chip-scale solution to the generation and manipulation of high-dimensional hyper-entanglement. This is achieved by the parallel processing of multiple quantum frequency combs in the path domain. Cavity-enhanced parametric down-conversion with Sagnac configuration is implemented to ensure the spectral indistinguishability. Simultaneous entanglement in path and frequency is realized with high dimensions. On-chip reconfiguration of the entanglement structure is also demonstrated. We further present quantum interference in both entanglement degrees of freedom with high visibility. Our work provides the critical step for the efficient and parallel processing of quantum information with integrated photonics.
- Pub Date:
- November 2021
- Quantum Physics;
- Physics - Optics