Augmented Reality (AR) learning games, on average, have been shown to have a positive impact on student learning. However, the exploration of AR learning games in special education settings, where accessibility is a concern, has not been well explored. Thus, the purpose of this study is to explore the use of AR games in accessible learning applications and to provide a comprehensive understanding of its advantages over traditional learning approaches. In this paper, we present our systematic review of previous studies included in major databases in the past decade. We explored the characteristics of user evaluation, learning effects on students, and features of implemented systems mentioned in the literature. The results showed that AR game applications can promote students learning activities from three perspectives: cognitive, affective, and retention. We also found there were still several drawbacks to current AR learning game designs for special needs despite the positive effects associated with AR game use. Based on our findings, we propose potential design strategies for future AR learning games for accessible education.