3D Image Super-Resolution by fluorophore fluctuations and MA-TIRF Microscopy reconstruction (3D-COL0RME)
We propose a 3D super-resolution approach to improve both lateral and axial spatial resolution in Total Internal Reflectance Fluorescence (TIRF) imaging applications. Our approach, called 3D-COL0RME (3D - Covariance-based $\ell_0$ super-Resolution Microscopy with intensity Estimation) improves both lateral and axial resolution by combining sparsity-based modelling for precise molecule localisation and intensity estimation in the lateral plane with a 3D reconstruction procedure in the axial one using Multi-Angle TIRF (MA-TIRF). Differently from state-of-the-art approaches, 3D-COL0RME does not require the use of special equipment as it can be used with standard fluorophores. We validate 3D-COL0RME on simulated MA-TIRF blinking-type data and on challenging real MA-TIRF acquisitions, showing significant resolution improvements.