We expand the class of groups with relatively geometric actions on CAT(0) cube complexes by proving that it is closed under $C'(\frac16)$--small cancellation free products. We build upon a result of Martin and Steenbock who prove an analogous result in the more specialized setting of groups acting properly and cocompactly on Gromov hyperbolic CAT(0) cube complexes. Our methods make use of the same blown-up complex of groups to construct a candidate collection of walls. However, rather than arguing geometrically, we show relative cubulation by appealing to a boundary separation criterion of Einstein and Groves and proving that wall stabilizers form a sufficiently rich family of full relatively quasi-convex codimension-one subgroups. The additional flexibility of relatively geometric actions has surprising new applications. For example, we prove that $C'(\frac16)$--small cancellation free products of residually finite groups are residually finite.