Roman domination in graphs with minimum degree at least two and some forbidden cycles
Abstract
Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph of order $n$ and let $\gamma _{R}(G)$ and $\partial (G)$ denote the Roman domination number and the differential of $G,$ respectively. In this paper we prove that for any integer $k\geq 0$, if $G$ is a graph of order $n\geq 6k+9$, minimum degree $\delta \geq 2,$ which does not contain any induced $\{C_{5},C_{8},\ldots ,C_{3k+2}\}$% cycles, then $\gamma _{R}(G)\leq \frac{(4k+8)n}{6k+11}$. This bound is an improvement of the bounds given in [E.W. Chambers, B. Kinnersley, N. Prince, and D.B. West, Extremal problems for Roman domination, SIAM J. Discrete Math. 23 (2009) 15751586] when $k=0,$ {and [S. Bermudo, On the differential and Roman domination number of a graph with minimum degree two, Discrete Appl. Math. 232 (2017), 6472] when }$k=1.$ Moreover, using the Gallaitype result involving the Roman domination number and the differential of graphs established by Bermudo et al. stating that $\gamma _{R}(G)+\partial (G)=n$, we have $\partial (G)\geq \frac{(2k+3)n}{6k+11},$ thereby settling the conjecture of Bermudo posed in the second paper.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2110.07709
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv211007709S
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 05C69