Alternating-Current Optimal Power Flow (AC-OPF) is an optimization problem critical for planning and operating the power grid. The problem is traditionally formulated using only continuous variables. Typically, control devices with discrete-valued settings, which provide valuable flexibility to the network and improve resilience, are omitted from AC-OPF formulations due to the difficulty of integrality constraints. We propose a two-stage homotopy algorithm to solve the AC-OPF problem with discrete-valued control settings. This method does not rely on prior knowledge of control settings or other initial conditions. The first stage relaxes the discrete settings to continuous variables and solves the optimization using a robust homotopy technique. Once the solution has been obtained using relaxed models, second homotopy problem gradually transforms the relaxed settings to their nearest feasible discrete values. We test the proposed algorithm on several large networks with switched shunts and adjustable transformers and show it can outperform a similar state-of-the-art solver.
- Pub Date:
- October 2021
- Mathematics - Optimization and Control;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Systems and Control
- Under review: submitted for consideration for 22nd Power Systems Computation Conference