0$\pi$ qubit in one Josephson junction
Abstract
Quantum states are usually fragile which makes quantum computation being not as stable as classical computation. Quantum correction codes can protect quantum states but need a large number of physical qubits to code a single logic qubit. Alternatively, the protection at the hardware level has been recently developed to maintain the coherence of the quantum information by using symmetries. However, it generally has to pay the expense of increasing the complexity of the quantum devices. In this work, we show that the protection at the hardware level can be approached without increasing the complexity of the devices. The interplay between the spinorbit coupling and the Zeeman splitting in the semiconductor allows us to tune the Josephson coupling in terms of the spin degree of freedom of Cooper pairs, the hallmark of the superconducting spintronics. This leads to the implementation of the parityprotected 0$\pi$ superconducting qubit with only one highly transparent superconductorsemiconductor Josephson junction, which makes our proposal immune from the various fabrication imperfections.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2110.07516
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv211007516G
 Keywords:

 Condensed Matter  Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
 Condensed Matter  Superconductivity;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 5 pages, 4 figures