Large gap asymptotics on annuli in the random normal matrix model
Abstract
We consider a twodimensional determinantal point process arising in the random normal matrix model and which is a twoparameter generalization of the complex Ginibre point process. In this paper, we prove that the probability that no points lie on any number of annuli centered at $0$ satisfies large $n$ asymptotics of the form \begin{align*} \exp \bigg( C_{1} n^{2} + C_{2} n \log n + C_{3} n + C_{4} \sqrt{n} + C_{5}\log n + C_{6} + \mathcal{F}_{n} + \mathcal{O}\big( n^{\frac{1}{12}}\big)\bigg), \end{align*} where $n$ is the number of points of the process. We determine the constants $C_{1},\ldots,C_{6}$ explicitly, as well as the oscillatory term $\mathcal{F}_{n}$ which is of order $1$. We also allow one annulus to be a disk, and one annulus to be unbounded. For the complex Ginibre point process, we improve on the best known results: (i) when the hole region is a disk, only $C_{1},\ldots,C_{4}$ were previously known, (ii) when the hole region is an unbounded annulus, only $C_{1},C_{2},C_{3}$ were previously known, and (iii) when the hole region is a regular annulus in the bulk, only $C_{1}$ was previously known. For general values of our parameters, even $C_{1}$ is new. A main discovery of this work is that $\mathcal{F}_{n}$ is given in terms of the Jacobi theta function. As far as we know this is the first time this function appears in a large gap problem of a twodimensional point process.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 October 2021
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2110.06908
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2110.06908
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv211006908C
 Keywords:

 Mathematical Physics;
 Mathematics  Probability
 EPrint:
 52 pages, 4 figures. This version is more detailed than the published version