Topological phonons in an inhomogeneously strained silicon-4: Large spin dependent thermoelectric response and thermal spin transfer torque due to topological electronic magnetism of phonons
The superposition of flexoelectronic doping and topological phonons give rise to topological electronic magnetism of phonon in an inhomogeneously strained Si in the bilayer structure with metal. In case of ferromagnetic metal and Si bilayer structure, the flexoelectronic doping will also give rise to larger spin current, which will lead to large spin to charge conversion due to topological electronic magnetism of phonon. By applying a temperature difference to ferromagnetic metal/Si bilayer structure under an applied strain gradient, a large thermoelectric response can be generated. In this experimental study, we report a large spin dependent thermoelectric response at Ni80Fe20/Si bilayer structure. The spin dependent response is found to be an order of magnitude larger than that in Pt thin films and similar to topological insulators surface states in spite of negligible intrinsic spin-orbit coupling of Si. This large response is attributed to the flexoelectronic doping and topological electronic magnetism of phonons, which was uncovered using topological Nernst effect measurement. This alternative and novel approach of using inhomogeneous strain engineering to address both spin current density and spin to charge conversion can open a new window to the realization of spintronics and spin-caloritronics devices using metal and doped-semiconductor layered materials.
- Pub Date:
- October 2021
- Condensed Matter - Materials Science;
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics
- Theoretical/modeling help welcome. Some devices can be shared for replication experiments