In this dissertation we demonstrate that the continuous-time quantum walk models remain powerful for nontrivial graph structures. We consider two aspects of this problem. First, it is known that the standard Continuous-Time Quantum Walk (CTQW), proposed by Childs and Goldstone, can propagate quickly on the infinite path graph. However, the Schrödinger equation requires the Hamiltonian to be symmetric, and thus only undirected graphs can be implemented. In this thesis, we address the question, whether it is possible to construct a continuous-time quantum walk on general directed graphs, preserving its propagation properties. Secondly, the quantum spatial search defined through CTQW has been proven to work well on various undirected graphs. However, most of these graphs have very simple structures. The most advanced results concerned the Erdős-Rényi model of random graphs, which is the most popular but not realistic random graph model, and Barabási-Albert random graphs, for which full quadratic speed-up was not confirmed. In the scope of this aspect we analyze, whether quantum speed-up is observed for complicated graph structures as well.
- Pub Date:
- September 2021
- Quantum Physics;
- Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics
- PhD thesis, IITiS PAN, minor fixes based on comments from reviewers. Code available at https://github.com/iitis/adam_glos_phd