We study the damping dynamics of the single-particle correlation for an open system under aperiodic order, which is dominated by Lindblad master equation. In the absence of the aperiodic order, the Liouvillian superoperator can exhibit the non-Hermitian skin effect, which leads to unidirectional damping dynamics, dubbed as "chiral damping". Due to the non-Hermitian skin effect, the damping dynamics is boundary sensitive: the long-time damping of such open systems is algebraic under periodic boundary conditions but exponential under open boundary conditions. We reveal a dynamical phase transition with the inclusion of the hopping amplitude modulation. This phase transition is related with emergent non-Bloch anti-PT symmetry breaking, which only occurs under the open boundary condition. When the anti-PT symmetry is broken, the localization property of this system also changes, entering another type with different scaling rules. Furthermore, we propose a possible scheme with ultracold atoms in dissipative momentum lattice to realize and detect the damping dynamics.