Abstract: Aim: The goal was to use a Deep Convolutional Neural Network to measure the radiographic alveolar bone level to aid periodontal diagnosis. Material and methods: A Deep Learning (DL) model was developed by integrating three segmentation networks (bone area, tooth, cementoenamel junction) and image analysis to measure the radiographic bone level and assign radiographic bone loss (RBL) stages. The percentage of RBL was calculated to determine the stage of RBL for each tooth. A provisional periodontal diagnosis was assigned using the 2018 periodontitis classification. RBL percentage, staging, and presumptive diagnosis were compared to the measurements and diagnoses made by the independent examiners. Results: The average Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC) for segmentation was over 0.91. There was no significant difference in RBL percentage measurements determined by DL and examiners (p=0.65). The Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristics Curve of RBL stage assignment for stage I, II and III was 0.89, 0.90 and 0.90, respectively. The accuracy of the case diagnosis was 0.85. Conclusion: The proposed DL model provides reliable RBL measurements and image-based periodontal diagnosis using periapical radiographic images. However, this model has to be further optimized and validated by a larger number of images to facilitate its application.
- Pub Date:
- September 2021
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Image and Video Processing;
- Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning
- Word count: 3485