We address far-field speaker verification with deep neural network (DNN) based speaker embedding extractor, where mismatch between enrollment and test data often comes from convolutive effects (e.g. room reverberation) and noise. To mitigate these effects, we focus on two parametric normalization methods: per-channel energy normalization (PCEN) and parameterized cepstral mean normalization (PCMN). Both methods contain differentiable parameters and thus can be conveniently integrated to, and jointly optimized with the DNN using automatic differentiation methods. We consider both fixed and trainable (data-driven) variants of each method. We evaluate the performance on Hi-MIA, a recent large-scale far-field speech corpus, with varied microphone and positional settings. Our methods outperform conventional mel filterbank features, with maximum of 33.5% and 39.5% relative improvement on equal error rate under matched microphone and mismatched microphone conditions, respectively.
- Pub Date:
- September 2021
- Computer Science - Sound;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing
- Accepted for publication at ASRU 2021