Navigation through uncontrolled intersections is one of the key challenges for autonomous vehicles. Identifying the subtle differences in hidden traits of other drivers can bring significant benefits when navigating in such environments. We propose an unsupervised method for inferring driver traits such as driving styles from observed vehicle trajectories. We use a variational autoencoder with recurrent neural networks to learn a latent representation of traits without any ground truth trait labels. Then, we use this trait representation to learn a policy for an autonomous vehicle to navigate through a T-intersection with deep reinforcement learning. Our pipeline enables the autonomous vehicle to adjust its actions when dealing with drivers of different traits to ensure safety and efficiency. Our method demonstrates promising performance and outperforms state-of-the-art baselines in the T-intersection scenario.
- Pub Date:
- September 2021
- Computer Science - Robotics;
- Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning
- Published as a conference paper in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 2022