Hypergraph Turán Problems in $\ell_2$Norm
Abstract
There are various different notions measuring extremality of hypergraphs. In this survey we compare the recently introduced notion of the codegree squared extremal function with the Turán function, the minimum codegree threshold and the uniform Turán density. The codegree squared sum $\textrm{co}_2(G)$ of a $3$uniform hypergraph $G$ is defined to be the sum of codegrees squared $d(x,y)^2$ over all pairs of vertices $x,y$. In other words, this is the square of the $\ell_2$norm of the codegree vector. We are interested in how large $\textrm{co}_2(G)$ can be if we require $G$ to be $H$free for some $3$uniform hypergraph $H$. This maximum value of $\textrm{co}_2(G)$ over all $H$free $n$vertex $3$uniform hypergraphs $G$ is called the codegree squared extremal function, which we denote by $\textrm{exco}_2(n,H)$. We systemically study the extremal codegree squared sum of various $3$uniform hypergraphs using various proof techniques. Some of our proofs rely on the flag algebra method while others use more classical tools such as the stability method. In particular, we (asymptotically) determine the codegree squared extremal numbers of matchings, stars, paths, cycles, and $F_5$, the $5$vertex hypergraph with edge set $\{123,124,345\}$. Additionally, our paper has a survey format, as we state several conjectures and give an overview of Turán densities, minimum codegree thresholds and codegree squared extremal numbers of popular hypergraphs.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 August 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2108.10406
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210810406B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics
 EPrint:
 Invited survey for BCC 2022, comments are welcome