Random graphs embeddable in orderdependent surfaces
Abstract
Given a `genus' function $g=g(n)$, we let $\mathcal{E}^g$ be the class of all graphs $G$ such that if $G$ has order $n$ (that is, has $n$ vertices) then it is embeddable in a surface of Euler genus at most $g(n)$. Let the random graph $R_n$ be sampled uniformly from the graphs in $\mathcal{E}^g$ on vertex set $[n]=\{1,\ldots,n\}$. Observe that if $g(n)$ is 0 then $R_n$ is a random planar graph, and if $g(n)$ is sufficiently large then $R_n$ is a binomial random graph $G(n,\tfrac12)$. We investigate typical properties of $R_n$. We find that for \emph{every} genus function $g$, with high probability at most one component of $R_n$ is nonplanar. In contrast, we find a transition for example for connectivity: if $g$ is nondecreasing and $g(n) = O(n/\log n)$ then $\liminf_{n \to \infty} \mathbb{P}(R_n \mbox{ is connected}) < 1$, and if $g(n) \gg n$ then with high probability $R_n$ is connected. These results also hold when we consider orientable and nonorientable surfaces separately. We also investigate random graphs sampled uniformly from the `hereditary part' or the `minorclosed' part of $\mathcal{E}^g$, and briefly consider corresponding results for unlabelled graphs.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 August 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2108.07666
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210807666M
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 05C10
 EPrint:
 33 pages