Smith Normal Form and the Generalized Spectral Characterization of Graphs
Abstract
Spectral characterization of graphs is an important topic in spectral graph theory, which has received a lot of attention from researchers in recent years. It is generally very hard to show a given graph to be determined by its spectrum. Recently, Wang [10] gave a simple arithmetic condition for graphs being determined by their generalized spectra. Let $G$ be a graph with adjacency matrix $A$ on $n$ vertices, and $W=[e,Ae,\ldots,A^{n1}e]$ ($e$ is the allone vector) be the walkmatrix of $G$. A theorem of Wang [10] states that if $2^{\lfloor n/2\rfloor}\det W$ (which is always an integer) is odd and squarefree, then $G$ is determined by the generalized spectrum. In this paper, we find a new and short route which leads to a stronger version of the above theorem. The result is achieved by using the Smith Normal Form of the walkmatrix of $G$. The proposed method gives a new insight in dealing with the problem of generalized spectral characterization of graphs.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 August 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2108.00592
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210800592Q
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 05C50
 EPrint:
 14 pages