Improving Word Recognition in Speech Transcriptions by Decision-level Fusion of Stemming and Two-way Phoneme Pruning
We introduce an unsupervised approach for correcting highly imperfect speech transcriptions based on a decision-level fusion of stemming and two-way phoneme pruning. Transcripts are acquired from videos by extracting audio using Ffmpeg framework and further converting audio to text transcript using Google API. In the benchmark LRW dataset, there are 500 word categories, and 50 videos per class in mp4 format. All videos consist of 29 frames (each 1.16 s long) and the word appears in the middle of the video. In our approach we tried to improve the baseline accuracy from 9.34% by using stemming, phoneme extraction, filtering and pruning. After applying the stemming algorithm to the text transcript and evaluating the results, we achieved 23.34% accuracy in word recognition. To convert words to phonemes we used the Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) pronouncing dictionary that provides a phonetic mapping of English words to their pronunciations. A two-way phoneme pruning is proposed that comprises of the two non-sequential steps: 1) filtering and pruning the phonemes containing vowels and plosives 2) filtering and pruning the phonemes containing vowels and fricatives. After obtaining results of stemming and two-way phoneme pruning, we applied decision-level fusion and that led to an improvement of word recognition rate upto 32.96%.
- Pub Date:
- July 2021
- Computer Science - Computation and Language;
- Computer Science - Sound;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Audio and Speech Processing
- Accepted in International Advanced Computing Conference (2020)