We derive spectral lineshapes of the expected signal for a haloscope experiment searching for axionlike dark matter. The knowledge of these lineshapes is needed to optimize the experimental design and data analysis procedure. We extend the previously known results for the axion-photon and axion-gluon couplings to the case of gradient (axion-fermion) coupling. A unique feature of the gradient interaction is its dependence not only on magnitudes but also on directions of velocities of galactic halo particles, which leads to directional sensitivity of the corresponding haloscope. We also discuss the daily and annual modulations of the gradient signal caused by the Earth's rotational and orbital motions. In the case of detection, these periodic modulations will be an important confirmation that the signal is sourced by axionlike particles in the halo of our galaxy.
- Pub Date:
- July 2021
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology;
- Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics;
- High Energy Physics - Experiment
- Our Python code is available at https://github.com/gramolin/lineshape