We explore a small quantum refrigerator in which the working substance is made of paradigmatic nearest neighbor quantum spin models, the XYZ and the XY model with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions, consisting of two and three spins, each of which is in contact with a bosonic bath. We identify a specific range of interaction strengths which can be tuned appropriately to ensure a cooling of the selected spin in terms of its local temperature in the weak coupling limit. Moreover, we report that in this domain, when one of the interaction strengths is disordered, the performance of the thermal machine operating as a refrigerator remains almost unchanged instead of degradation, thereby establishing the flexibility of this device. However, to obtain a significant amount of cooling via ordered as well as disordered spin models, we observe that one has to go beyond weak coupling limit and compute the figures of merits by using global master equations.
- Pub Date:
- July 2021
- Quantum Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks;
- Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics;
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
- 11 pages, 7 figures