On the bandwidth of singular plasmonic resonators in relation to the Chu limit
Abstract
Plasmonic nanostructures with singular geometries can exhibit a broadband scattering response that at first glance appears to violate the lower bounds for the radiation quality (Q) factor of small radiators, known as the Chu limit. Here we explore this apparent contradiction, investigating the Q factor of the resonant modes supported by two nearly touching cylinders, and analyze how their fractional bandwidth fares in relation to the Chu limit. We first derive lower bounds for the radiation Q factors of twodimensional objects of arbitrary crosssection. We then discuss the dissipation and radiation Q factors associated with the plasmonic resonances of a cylinder dimer as a function of its gap size. We show that the radiation Q factor is always larger than the minimum Q and, as long as the peaks in the scattering spectrum are well separated, their bandwidth is equal to the inverse of their Q factor. In the limit of touching cylinders, the resonance spectra transition from discrete to a continuum around an accumulation point, yielding a broadband response for any finite level of material loss. Within any given frequency interval, the response is the result of a multitude of plasmon resonances, each individually obeying the Chu limit. Nevertheless, the connection between the Q factor and the overall bandwidth of the scattering response is lost. Our study sheds light onto the exotic resonant phenomena emerging when plasmonic materials are shaped in singular geometries, and outlines their opportunities and limitations for nanophotonics.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2021
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.2107.10770
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2107.10770
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210710770P
 Keywords:

 Physics  Optics