A rainbow connectivity threshold for random graph families
Abstract
Given a family $\mathcal G$ of graphs on a common vertex set $X$, we say that $\mathcal G$ is rainbow connected if for every vertex pair $u,v \in X$, there exists a path from $u$ to $v$ that uses at most one edge from each graph in $\mathcal G$. We consider the case that $\mathcal G$ contains $s$ graphs, each sampled randomly from $G(n,p)$, with $n = X$ and $p = \frac{c \log n}{sn}$, where $c > 1$ is a constant. We show that when $s$ is sufficiently large, $\mathcal G$ is a.a.s. rainbow connected, and when $s$ is sufficiently small, $\mathcal G$ is a.a.s. not rainbow connected. We also calculate a threshold of $s$ for the rainbow connectivity of $\mathcal G$, and we show that this threshold is concentrated on at most three values, which are larger than the diameter of the union of $\mathcal G$ by about $\frac{\log n}{(\log \log n)^2}$. The same results also hold in a more traditional random rainbow setting, where we take a random graph $G\in G(n,p)$ with $p=\frac{c \log n}{n}$ ($c>1$) and color each edge of $G$ with a color chosen uniformly at random from the set $[s]$ of $s$ colors.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2107.05670
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210705670B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics;
 05C80
 EPrint:
 15 pages