Unconventional thermal and magnetic-field-driven changes of a bipartite entanglement of a mixed spin-(1/2,$S$) Heisenberg dimer with an uniaxial single-ion anisotropy
The concept of negativity is adapted in order to explore the quantum and thermal entanglement of the mixed spin-(1/2,$S$) Heisenberg dimers in presence of an external magnetic field. The mutual interplay between the spin size $S$, XXZ exchange and uniaxial single-ion anisotropy is thoroughly examined with a goal to tune the degree and thermal stability of the pairwise entanglement. It turns out that the antiferromagnetic spin-(1/2,$S$) Heisenberg dimers exhibit higher degree of entanglement and higher threshold temperature in comparison with their ferromagnetic counterparts when assuming the same set of model parameters. The increasing spin magnitude $S$ accompanied with an easy-plane uniaxial single-ion anisotropy can enhance not only the thermal stability but simultaneously the degree of entanglement. It is additionally shown that the further enhancement of a bipartite entanglement can be achieved in the mixed spin-(1/2,$S$) Heisenberg dimers, involving half-odd-integer spins $S$. Under this condition the thermal negativity saturates at low-enough temperatures in its maximal value regardless of the magnitude of half-odd-integer spin $S$. The magnetic field induces consecutive discontinuous phase transitions in the mixed spin-(1/2,$S$) Heisenberg dimers with $S\!>\!1$, which are manifested in a surprising oscillating magnetic-field dependence of the negativity observed at low enough temperature.