Integrability of the conformal loop ensemble
Abstract
We demonstrate that the conformal loop ensemble (CLE) has a rich integrable structure by establishing exact formulas for two CLE observables. The first describes the joint moments of the conformal radii of loops surrounding three points for CLE on the sphere. Up to normalization, our formula agrees with the imaginary DOZZ formula due to Zamolodchikov (2005) and KostovPetkova (2007), which is the threepoint structure constant of certain conformal field theories that generalize the minimal models. This verifies the CLE interpretation of the imaginary DOZZ formula by Ikhlef, Jacobsen and Saleur (2015). Our second result is for the moments of the electrical thickness of CLE loops first considered by Kenyon and Wilson (2004). Our proofs rely on the conformal welding of random surfaces and two sources of integrability concerning CLE and Liouville quantum gravity (LQG). First, LQG surfaces decorated with CLE inherit a rich integrable structure from random planar maps decorated with the O(n) loop model. Second, as the field theory describing LQG, Liouville conformal field theory is integrable. In particular, the DOZZ formula and the FZZ formula for its structure constants are crucial inputs to our results.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2107.01788
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210701788A
 Keywords:

 Mathematical Physics;
 Mathematics  Probability;
 60J67;
 60D05;
 81T40
 EPrint:
 50 pages, 5 figures, simplified argument from v1