Real-time Dispatchable Region of Active Distribution Networks Based on a Tight Convex Relaxation Model
The uncertainty in distributed renewable generation poses security threats to the real-time operation of distribution systems. The real-time dispatchable region (RTDR) can be used to assess the ability of power systems to accommodate renewable generation at a given base point. DC and linearized AC power flow models are typically used for bulk power systems, but they are not suitable for low-voltage distribution networks with large r/x ratios. To balance accuracy and computational efficiency, this paper proposes an RTDR model of AC distribution networks using tight convex relaxation. Convex hull relaxation is adopted to reformulate the AC power flow equations, and the convex hull is approximated by a polyhedron without much loss of accuracy. Furthermore, an efficient adaptive constraint generation algorithm is employed to construct an approximate RTDR to meet the requirements of real-time dispatch. Case studies on the modified IEEE 33-bus distribution system validate the computational efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method.