Geophysical fluid models with simple energy backscatter: explicit flows and unbounded exponential growth
Abstract
Motivated by numerical schemes for large scale geophysical flow, we consider the rotating shallow water and Boussinesq equations on the whole space with horizontal kinetic energy backscatter source terms built from negative viscosity and stabilising hyperviscosity with constant parameters. We study the impact of this energy input through various explicit flows, which are simultaneously solving the nonlinear equations and the linear equations that arise upon dropping the transport nonlinearity, i.e. the linearisation in the zero state. These include barotropic, parallel and Kolmogorov flows as well as monochromatic inertia gravity waves. With focus on stable stratification we find that the backscatter generates numerous solutions of this type that grow exponentially and unboundedly, also with vertical structure. This signifies the possibility of undesired energy concentration into specific modes due to the backscatter. Families of steady state flows of this type arise as well and superposition principles in the nonlinear equations provide explicit sufficient conditions for instability of some of these. For certain steady barotropic flows of this type we provide numerical evidence of eigenmodes whose growth rates are proportional to the amplitude factor of the flow. For all other arising steady solutions we prove this is not possible.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2105.14728
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210514728P
 Keywords:

 Physics  Fluid Dynamics;
 Mathematics  Analysis of PDEs;
 Mathematics  Dynamical Systems
 EPrint:
 doi:10.1080/03091929.2021.2011269