Triangle Centrality
Abstract
Triangle centrality is introduced for finding important vertices in a graph based on the concentration of triangles surrounding each vertex. An important vertex in triangle centrality is at the center of many triangles, and therefore it may be in many triangles or none at all. We give optimal algorithms that compute triangle centrality in $O(m\sqrt{m})$ time and $O(m+n)$ space. Using fast matrix multiplication it takes $n^{\omega+o(1)}$ time where $\omega$ is the matrix product exponent. On a Concurrent Read Exclusive Write (CREW) Parallel Random Access Memory (PRAM) machine, we give a near workoptimal algorithm that takes $O(\log n)$ time using $O(m\sqrt{m})$ CREW PRAM processors. In MapReduce, we show it takes four rounds using $O(m\sqrt{m})$ communication bits, and is therefore optimal. We also give a deterministic algorithm to find the triangle neighborhood and triangle count of each vertex in $O(m\sqrt{m})$ time and $O(m+n)$ space. Our empirical results demonstrate that triangle centrality uniquely identified central vertices thirtypercent of the time in comparison to five other wellknown centrality measures, while being asymptotically faster to compute on sparse graphs than all but the most trivial of these other measures.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2105.00110
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210500110B
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Data Structures and Algorithms;
 Computer Science  Distributed;
 Parallel;
 and Cluster Computing;
 Computer Science  Social and Information Networks