From one to many rainbow Hamiltonian cycles
Abstract
Given a graph $G$ and a family $\mathcal{G} = \{G_1,\ldots,G_n\}$ of subgraphs of $G$, a transversal of $\mathcal{G}$ is a pair $(T,\phi)$ such that $T \subseteq E(G)$ and $\phi: T \rightarrow [n]$ is a bijection satisfying $e \in G_{\phi(e)}$ for each $e \in T$. We call a transversal Hamiltonian if $T$ corresponds to the edge set of a Hamiltonian cycle in $G$. We show that, under certain conditions on the maximum degree of $G$ and the minimum degrees of the $G_i \in \mathcal{G}$, for every $\mathcal{G}$ which contains a Hamiltonian transversal, the number of Hamiltonian transversals contained in $\mathcal{G}$ is bounded below by a function of $G$'s maximum degree. This generalizes a theorem of Thomassen stating that, for $m \geq 300$, no $m$regular graph is uniquely Hamiltonian. We also extend Joos and Kim's recent result that, if $G = K_n$ and each $G_i \in \mathcal{G}$ has minimum degree at least $\frac{n}{2}$, then $\mathcal{G}$ has a Hamiltonian transversal: we show that, in this setting, $\mathcal{G}$ has exponentially many Hamiltonian transversals. Finally, we prove analogues of both of these theorems for transversals which form perfect matchings of $G$.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2104.07020
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210407020B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Combinatorics
 EPrint:
 13 pages, 1 figure