In this paper, we characterize the asymptotic and large scale behavior of the eigenvalues of wavelet random matrices in high dimensions. We assume that possibly non-Gaussian, finite-variance $p$-variate measurements are made of a low-dimensional $r$-variate ($r \ll p$) fractional stochastic process with non-canonical scaling coordinates and in the presence of additive high-dimensional noise. The measurements are correlated both time-wise and between rows. We show that the $r$ largest eigenvalues of the wavelet random matrices, when appropriately rescaled, converge to scale invariant functions in the high-dimensional limit. By contrast, the remaining $p-r$ eigenvalues remain bounded. Under additional assumptions, we show that, up to a log transformation, the $r$ largest eigenvalues of wavelet random matrices exhibit asymptotically Gaussian distributions. The results have direct consequences for statistical inference.