This article is the first of two in which we develop a geometric framework for analysing silent and anisotropic big bang singularities. The results of the present article concern the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to linear systems of wave equations on the corresponding backgrounds. The main features are the following: The assumptions do not involve any symmetry requirements and are weak enough to be consistent with most big bang singularities for which the asymptotic geometry is understood. The asymptotic rate of growth/decay of solutions to linear systems of wave equations along causal curves going into the singularity is determined by model systems of ODE's (depending on the causal curve). Moreover, the model systems are essentially obtained by dropping spatial derivatives and localising the coefficients along the causal curve. This is in accordance with the BKL proposal. Note, however, that we here prove this statement, we do not assume it. If the coefficients of the unknown and its expansion normalised normal derivatives converge sufficiently quickly along a causal curve, we obtain leading order asymptotics (along the causal curve) and prove that the localised energy estimate (along the causal curve) is optimal. In this setting, it is also possible to specify the leading order asymptotics of solutions along the causal curve. On the other hand, the localised energy estimate typically entails a substantial loss of derivatives. In the companion article, we deduce geometric conclusions by combining the framework with Einstein's equations. In particular, the combination reproduces the Kasner map and yields partial bootstrap arguments.
- Pub Date:
- January 2021
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
- Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs;
- 248 pages, 7 figures. Second version: Improved presentation. References added. Index added