We present a study of wave processes occurring in solar active region NOAA 11131 on 10 December 2010, captured by the Solar Dynamics Observatory in the 1600 Å, 304 Å and 171 Å channels. For spectral analysis, we employed pixelized wavelet filtering together with a developed digital technique based on empirical mode decomposition. We studied the ∼3-minute wave dynamics to obtain relationships with the magnetic structuring of the underlying sunspot. We found that during development of wave trains the motion path occurred along a preferential direction, and that the broadband wavefronts can be represented as a set of separate narrowband oscillation sources. These sources become visible as the waves pass through the umbral inhomogeneities caused by the differing magnetic field inclination angles. We found the spatial and frequency fragmentation of wavefronts, and deduced that the combination of narrowband spherical and linear parts of the wavefronts provide the observed spirality. Maps of the magnetic field inclination angles confirm this assumption. We detect the activation of umbral structures as the increasing of oscillations in the sources along the front ridge. Their temporal dynamics are associated with the occurrence of umbral flashes. Spatial localization of the sources is stable over time and depends on the oscillation period. We propose that these sources are the result of wave paths along the loops extending outwards from the magnetic bundles of the umbra.This article is part of the Theo Murphy meeting issue `High-resolution wave dynamics in the lower solar atmosphere'.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series A
- Pub Date:
- February 2021
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 18 pages, 8 figures, accepted to publication in Royal Society Philosophical Transactions A