Composable security for continuous variable quantum key distribution: Trust levels and practical key rates in wired and wireless networks
Continuous variable (CV) quantum key distribution (QKD) provides a powerful setting for secure quantum communications, thanks to the use of room-temperature off-the-shelf optical devices and the potential to reach much higher rates than the standard discrete-variable counterpart. In this paper, we provide a general framework for studying the composable finite-size security of CV-QKD with Gaussian-modulated coherent-state protocols under various levels of trust for the loss and noise experienced by the parties. Our paper considers both wired (i.e., fiber-based) and wireless (i.e., free-space) quantum communications. In the latter case, we show that high key rates are achievable for short-range optical wireless (LiFi) in secure quantum networks with both fixed and mobile devices. Finally, we extend our investigation to microwave wireless (WiFi) discussing security and feasibility of CV-QKD for very short-range applications.
Physical Review Research
- Pub Date:
- October 2021
- Quantum Physics;
- Physics - Computational Physics
- Submitted to PRR on 11/07/2021. Accepted on 21/9/2021. Published on 7/10/2021. REVTeX. 18 pages, 7 figures