Enhancement of underwater optical images based on background light estimation and improved adaptive transmission fusion
Underwater optical imaging technology plays a vital role in humans' underwater activities. However, the serious quality degradation of underwater optical images hinders further development of such technology. This phenomenon is mainly caused by the absorption and scattering of light in the underwater medium. The blurred image formation model is widely used in the field of optical images and depends on two optical parameters: background light (BL) and the transmission map (TM). Therefore, we propose an underwater optical image enhancement method in the context of underwater optical image restoration and color correction. First, BL estimation based on the gray close operation, which can avoid the influence of white objects while accurately calculating BL, is proposed. Then, an improved adaptive transmission fusion (IATF) method is proposed, and the adjusted reversed saturation map (ARSM) method is applied to compensate for and refine the estimated TMs to obtain the final TMs. This paper also proposes a new underwater light attenuation prior (NULAP) method. Finally, to enhance color saturation and edge details, a statistical colorless slant correction fusion smoothing filter method is proposed. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms state-of-the-art methods for dehazing, color and detail enhancement, and (uneven) light intensity.