The Alma catalog of OB stars. II. A cross-match with Gaia DR2 and an updated map of the solar neighbourhood.
We cross-match the Alma catalog of OB stars with Gaia DR2 astrometry and photometry as a first step towards producing a clean sample of massive stars in the solar neighbourhood with a high degree of completeness. We analyze the resulting colour-absolute magnitude diagram to divide our sample into categories and compare extinction estimates from two sources, finding problems with both of them. The distances obtained with three different priors are found to have few differences among them, indicating that Gaia DR2 distances are robust. An analysis of the 3-D distribution of massive stars in the solar neighbourhood is presented. We show that a kinematically distinct structure we dub the Cepheus spur extends from the Orion-Cygnus spiral arm towards the Perseus arm and is located above the Galactic mid-plane, likely being related to the recently discovered Radcliffe wave. We propose that this corrugation pattern in the Galactic disk may be responsible for the recent enhanced star formation at its crests and troughs. We also discuss our plans to extend this work in the immediate future.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- March 2021
- Galaxy: structure;
- Galaxy: solar neighbourhood;
- stars: distances;
- stars: massive;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- Accepted for publication in MNRAS