Accuracy versus complexity: calibrating radio interferometer arrays with non-homogeneous element patterns
Radio interferometer arrays with non-homogeneous element patterns are more difficult to calibrate compared to the more common homogeneous array. In particular, the non-homogeneity of the patterns has significant implications on the computational tractability of evaluating the calibration solutions. We apply the A-stacking technique to this problem and explore the trade-off to be made between the calibration accuracy and computational complexity. Through simulations, we show that this technique can be favourably applied in the context of an SKA-Low station. We show that the minimum accuracy requirements can be met at a significantly reduced computational cost, and this cost can be reduced even further if the station calibration time-scale is relaxed from 10 min to several hours. We demonstrate the impact antenna designs with differing levels of non-homogeneity have on the overall computational complexity in addition to some cases where calibration performs poorly.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- July 2021
- instrumentation: interferometers;
- methods: numerical;
- Astrophysics - Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics