Conformational statistics of non-equilibrium polymer loops in Rouse model with active loop extrusion
Motivated by the recent experimental observations of the DNA loop extrusion by protein motors, in this paper, we investigate the statistical properties of the growing polymer loops within the ideal chain model. The loop conformation is characterized statistically by the mean gyration radius and the pairwise contact probabilities. It turns out that a single dimensionless parameter, which is given by the ratio of the loop relaxation time over the time elapsed since the start of extrusion, controls the crossover between near-equilibrium and highly non-equilibrium asymptotics in the statistics of the extruded loop, regardless of the specific time dependence of the extrusion velocity. In addition, we show that two-sided and one-sided loop extruding motors produce the loops with almost identical properties. Our predictions are based on two rigorous semi-analytical methods accompanied by asymptotic analysis of slow and fast extrusion limits.