Wavelet denoising is a classical and effective approach for reducing noise in images and signals. Suggested in 1994, this approach is carried out by rectifying the coefficients of a noisy image in the transform domain, using a set of scalar shrinkage function (SFs). A plethora of papers deals with the optimal shape of the SFs and the transform used, where it is known that applying the SFs in redundant bases provides improved results. This paper provides a complete picture of the interrelations between the transform used, the optimal shrinkage functions, and the domains in which they are optimized. In particular, we show that for subband optimization, where each SF is optimized independently for a particular band, optimizing the SFs in the spatial domain is always better than or equal to optimizing the SFs in the transform domain. For redundant bases, we provide the expected denoising gain we may achieve, relative to the unitary basis, as a function of the redundancy rate.
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing
- Pub Date:
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Image and Video Processing;
- Electrical Engineering and Systems Science - Signal Processing