Light like segment compactification and braneworlds with dynamical string tension
Abstract
There is great interest in the construction of brane worlds, where matter and gravity are forced to be effective only in a lower dimensional surface, the brane . How these could appear as a consequence of string theory is a crucial question and this has been widely discussed. Here we will examine a distinct scenario that appears in dynamical string tension theories and where string tension is positive between two surfaces separated by a short distance and at the two surfaces themselves the string tensions become infinite, therefore producing an effective confinement of the strings and therefore of all matter and gravity to the space between these to surfaces, which is in fact a new type of stringy brane world scenario. The specific model studied is in the context of the modified measure formulation the string where tension appear as an additional dynamical degree of freedom and these tensions are not universal, but rather each string generates its own tension, which can have a different value for each string. We consider a new background field that can couple to these strings, the tension scalar is capable then of changing locally along the world sheet and then the value of the tension of the extended object changes accordingly. When many types of strings probing the same region of space are considered this tension scalar is constrained by the requirement of quantum conformal invariance. For the case of two types of strings probing the same region of space with different dynamically generated tensions, there are two different metrics, associated to the different strings, that have to satisfy vacuum Einsteins equations and the consistency of these two Einsteins equations determine the tension scalar. The universal metric, common to both strings generically does not satisfy Einsteins equation . The two metrics considered here are flat space in Minkowshi space and flat space after a special conformal transformation and the tension field behaves in such a way that strings are confined inside a light like Segment or alternatively as expanding Braneworlds where the strings are confined between two expanding bubbles separated by a very small distance at large times.
 Publication:

European Physical Journal C
 Pub Date:
 October 2021
 DOI:
 10.1140/epjc/s1005202109646z
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2107.08005
 Bibcode:
 2021EPJC...81..886G
 Keywords:

 High Energy Physics  Theory
 EPrint:
 17 pages. References added. This version has been accepted for publication in European Physics Journal C. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:2105.02279, arXiv:2104.08875