In non-centrosymmetric metals, spin-orbit coupling induces momentum-dependent spin polarization at the Fermi surfaces. This is exemplified by the valley-contrasting spin polarization in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides with in-plane inversion asymmetry. However, the valley configuration of massive Dirac fermions in transition metal dichalcogenides is fixed by the graphene-like structure, which limits the variety of spin-valley coupling. Here, we show that the layered polar metal BaMnX2 (X = Bi, Sb) hosts tunable spin-valley-coupled Dirac fermions, which originate from the distorted X square net with in-plane lattice polarization. We found that BaMnBi2 has approximately one-tenth the lattice distortion of BaMnSb2, from which a different configuration of spin-polarized Dirac valleys is theoretically predicted. This was experimentally observed as a clear difference in the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillation at high fields between the two materials. The chemically tunable spin-valley coupling in BaMnX2 makes it a promising material for various spin-valleytronic devices.
- Pub Date:
- December 2021
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons;
- Condensed Matter - Materials Science
- 25 pages, 4 figures. Published in Communications Materials