Slower capacity/voltage degradation of surface engineered LiNi0.92Co0.05Mn0.03O2 cathode for lithium-ion batteries
Ni-rich layered oxides are considered as a promising commercial cathode material due to high energy density and low cost. However, the severe capacity degradation and poor rate capability caused by structural collapse during long cycles limit their practical application. Herein, a NASICON-structured Li2AlZr(PO4)3 is constructed on the surface of LiNi0.92Co0.05Mn0.03O2 for stabilizing the layered structure. In addition, the construction process consumes the lithium residues on the surface of the material particles, thus reducing alkalinity of the material surface. Meanwhile, the electrochemical properties of the samples are studied. The capacity of the 1 wt% Li2AlZr(PO4)3 coated sample shows 144.2 mAh g-1 with a discharge middle voltage of 3.71 V after 400 cycles under the voltage range of 2.7-4.3 V. Further studies confirm that the uniform NASICON coating can effectively alleviate the structural degradation and intergranular cracks after long-term cycling. The research results illustrate the feasibility of the practical application of the modification strategy, which can be popularized in Ni-rich layered cathode materials.
Applied Surface Science
- Pub Date:
- December 2021
- Lithium-ion battery;
- Ni-rich layered oxides;
- NASICON Li<SUB>2</SUB>AlZr(PO<SUB>4</SUB>)<SUB>3</SUB>;