AstroSat Study of the Globular Cluster NGC 2298: Probable Evolutionary Scenarios of Hot Horizontal Branch Stars
We present the far-UV (FUV) photometry of images acquired with UVIT on AstroSat to probe the horizontal branch (HB) population of the Galactic globular cluster NGC 2298. UV-optical color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) are constructed for member stars in combination with Hubble Space Telescope UV Globular Cluster Survey data for the central region and Gaia and ground-based photometric data for the outer region. A blue HB (BHB) sequence with a spread and four hot HB stars are detected in all FUV-optical CMDs and are compared with theoretical updated BaSTI isochrones and synthetic HB models with a range in helium abundance, suggesting that the hot HB stars are helium enhanced when compared to the BHB. The estimated effective temperature, radius, and luminosity of HB stars, using the best spectral energy distribution fits, were compared with various HB models. BHB stars span a temperature range from 7500 to 12,250 K. Three hot HB stars have 35,000-40,000 K, whereas one star has around ~100,000 K. We suggest the following evolutionary scenarios: two stars are likely to be the progeny of extreme HB (EHB) stars formed through an early hot-flasher scenario, one is likely to be an EHB star with probable helium enrichment, and the hottest HB star, which is about to enter the white dwarf cooling phase, could have evolved from the BHB phase. Nevertheless, these are interesting spectroscopic targets to understand the late stages of evolution.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- December 2021
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 25 pages, 12 figures, 5 tables, Accepted for publication in ApJ