We construct a dynamical model of the Milky Way disk from a data set that combines Gaia EDR3 and APOGEE data throughout galactocentric radii in the range 5.0 kpc ≤ R ≤ 19.5 kpc. We make use of the spherically aligned Jeans anisotropic method to model the stellar velocities and their velocity dispersions. Building upon our previous work, our model is now fitted to kinematic maps that have been extended to larger galactocentric radii due to the expansion of our data set, probing the outer regions of the Galactic disk. Our best-fitting dynamical model suggests a logarithmic density slope of αDM = -1.602 ± 0.079syst for the dark matter halo and a dark matter density of ρDM(R⊙) = (8.92 ± 0.56syst) × 10-3 M⊙ pc-3 (0.339 ± 0.022syst GeV cm3). We estimate a circular velocity at the solar radius of vcirc = (234.7 ± 1.7syst) km s-1 with a decline toward larger radii. The total mass density is ρtot(R⊙) = (0.0672 ± 0.0015syst) M⊙ pc-3 with a slope of αtot = -2.367 ± 0.047syst for 5 kpc ≤ R ≤ 19.5 kpc, and the total surface density is Σ(R⊙, ∣z∣ ≤ 1.1 kpc) = (55.5 ± 1.7syst) M⊙ pc-2. While the statistical errors are small, the error budget of the derived quantities is dominated by the three to seven times larger systematic uncertainties. These values are consistent with our previous determination, but the systematic uncertainties are reduced due to the extended data set covering a larger spatial extent of the Milky Way disk. Furthermore, we test the influence of nonaxisymmetric features on our resulting model and analyze how a flaring disk model would change our findings.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- August 2021
- Milky Way dynamics;
- Milky Way disk;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
- 19 pages, 11 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ