The Galactic microquasar GRS 1915+105 shows rich variability that is categorized into different classes. In this paper, we report the temporal and spectral analysis of GRS 1915+105 to study the properties of the accretion flow when the light curve shows θ class variability. For this purpose, we use the Large Area X-ray Proportional Counter data from the Target of Opportunity observations of India's first multiwavelength astronomy satellite AstroSat. The θ class is marked by the recurrent appearance of U-shaped regions in the light curve, where the photon count rate first decreases rapidly and then increases slowly. For our analysis, we use U-shaped regions of the first two orbits (02345 and 02346) on 2016 March 4. In both cases, the dynamic power-density spectra (PDS) showed significant power at around 4-5 Hz, suggesting the presence of a low-frequency quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) around that frequency interval. The QPO frequency is found to increase with time when the energy flux is also enhanced. From the evolution of the spectra, we determine the evolution of the accretion flow parameters in these two observations. Fitting the spectra with the transonic flow solution-based two-component advective flow (TCAF) model in the 4-25 keV energy band shows that the Keplerian disk accretion rate increases with the increase in radiation intensity, while the location of the centrifugal pressure-driven shock front decreases. In both these data, a gradual increment of power-law photon index with intensity is observed, suggesting the progressive softening of the source.
The Astrophysical Journal
- Pub Date:
- August 2021
- X-ray binary stars;
- Black holes;
- Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena
- 16 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables. Accepted in the Astrophysical Journal on May 5, 2021