Cosmology with Galaxy Cluster Weak Lensing: Statistical Limits and Experimental Design
Abstract
We forecast constraints on the amplitude of matter clustering σ_{8}(z) achievable with the combination of cluster weak lensing and number counts, in current and nextgeneration weak lensing surveys. We advocate for an approach, analogous to galaxygalaxy lensing, in which the observables in each redshift bin are the mean number counts and the mean weak lensing profile of clusters above a mass proxy threshold. The primary astrophysical nuisance parameter is the logarithmic scatter ${\sigma }_{\mathrm{ln}M}$ between the mass proxy and true mass near the threshold. For surveys similar to the Dark Energy Survey (DES), the Roman Space Telescope High Latitude Survey (HLS), and the Rubin Observatory Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST), we forecast aggregate precision on σ_{8} of 0.26%, 0.24%, and 0.10%, respectively, if the massobservable scatter is known externally to ${\rm{\Delta }}{\sigma }_{\mathrm{ln}M}\leqslant 0.01$ . These constraints would be degraded by about 20% for ${\rm{\Delta }}{\sigma }_{\mathrm{ln}M}=0.05$ in the case of DES or HLS and for ${\rm{\Delta }}{\sigma }_{\mathrm{ln}M}=0.016$ for LSST. A 1 month observing program with Roman Space Telescope targeting ∼2500 massive clusters could achieve a ∼ 0.5% constraint on σ_{8}(z = 0.7) on its own, or a ∼ 0.33% constraint in combination with the HLS. Realizing the constraining power of clusters Requires accurate knowledge of the massobservable relation and stringent control of systematics. We provide analytic approximations to our numerical results that allow for easy scaling to other survey assumptions or other methods of cluster mass estimation.
 Publication:

The Astrophysical Journal
 Pub Date:
 March 2021
 DOI:
 10.3847/15384357/abdc23
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2012.01956
 Bibcode:
 2021ApJ...910...28W
 Keywords:

 Galaxy clusters;
 Cosmology;
 Weak gravitational lensing;
 Cosmological parameters;
 Sigma8;
 584;
 343;
 1797;
 339;
 1455;
 Astrophysics  Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 23 pages, 16 figures